Here are some frequently asked questions about open adoptions.
What is an open adoption?
An open adoption is one in which expectant and prospective adoptive parents identify (find) each other and then obtain the services of an independent adoption facilitator or adoption agency in arranging and finalizing an adoption.
What are the benefits of open adoptions?
Open adoptions have benefits. Open adoption offers greater degree of self determination and choice compared to other adoptions. This type of adoption allows for ongoing contact between all the concerned parties. The child gets answers to questions about his or her background.
What are the cons of open adoptions?
There are certain disadvantages. Sometimes the adoptive parents may feel threatened with the level of contact between the child and the birth parents. They may then try to limit the contact. Sometimes, the adoptive parents may cease all contact with the birth parents. The child may be unsure as to who is the “real parent”.
What is the procedure for open adoption?
There are two methods of open adoption. You can use an agency or you can do it on your own. However you must check if the agency allows open adoptions. Most agencies provide only closed or semi-open adoptions. If you choose an agency, you will have to follow the procedure established by the agency. If you want to do it on your own, you will have to incur expenses to locate willing birth parents. You will need the services of an attorney to handle the paper work.
Irrespective of the procedure you adopt, both set of parents should be counseled before the decision is taken. Open adoption can affect both families emotionally.