Child Support: State Laws

Alabama
The Alabama Child Support Guidelines dictates how child support is determined unless the court is given sufficient grounds to not follow the guidelines in issuing out an order for child support. Enforcement of child support orders is managed by the Department of Human Resources. Only the court has the jurisdiction to modify a child support order until the child turns 19.

Alaska
The amount awarded for child support is determined by the Flat Percentage of Income Model. Child support automatically ceases when child turns 18 or 19 (provided that the child is still in high school or enrolled in an equivalent educational program and is still living with the custodial parent). The court does not enforce the responsibility of paying for college or post-majority college tuition for either parent.

Arizona
Child support amounts are determined by the Income Shares Model, the amount is based on the calculated gross income. Child support ends at age 18 or when the child finishes high school. The court does not enforce orders to obligate the parents to pay for college education costs of the child.

Arkansas
In Arkansas, the Varying Percentage of Income Model is used to determine the amount of child support to be awarded. The amount awarded is computed from a percentage of the net income of the non-custodial parent. The percentage may vary depending on the increase or decrease of income of the non-custodial parent. Child support ends at 18 or when the child finishes high school. The court does not obligate the parents to pay for the college education costs of the child.

California
Child support and custody are two connected issues. The court has a provision that it can order a parent to financially compensate the other parent for the instances in time when the other parent failed to assume responsibility of taking care of the child. A parent who deliberately ignores the right to visitation and custody of the other parent may be ordered by the court to financially compensate the other. Income Shares Model is used by the Statewide Uniform Guidelines to determine the amount of support awarded, the time spent by each parent with child greatly affects the child support order.

Connecticut
The state uses the Income Shares Model to determine the amount child support to be rewarded. The amount is determined by the gross income of both parents. Child support ends when the child turns 18.

Delaware

District of Columbia
Guidelines for Child Support implements a hybrid model, it’s a combination of the percentage of income model and the income shares model. The amount is based on the gross amount of income of both parents but each parent has a self support reserve. By law, the child is eligible for child support until the age of 21.

Florida
Guidelines for Child Support are based on the Income Shares Model; the amount is computed based on the net income. The court may also include child care, education costs, and health insurance with the basic child support amount. Child support ends when the child turns 18 or graduates from high school.

Georgia
Child support is mandatory. The amount awarded is based on the flat percentage of income model and computed against the gross income, extra expenses are considered as the deviating factor in the computation.

Hawaii
The state uses the Melson Formula in awarding child support. The amount is computed against the net income and has provisions for allowance for other members of the household.

Idaho

Illinois
Child support is mandatory. The child support amount is based on flat percentage of income model and is computed against the net income.

Indiana
The Indiana Rules of Court has set up the statutes to follow in awarding child support. The state uses the income shares model and the amount is computed against the gross income. The amount awarded may include provisions for the costs of the child’s education (inclusive of post-majority education).

Iowa
Child support is enforced by the Supreme Court of Iowa. The statutes used are based on the income shares model, computed against the gross income.

Kansas

Kentucky
Provisions for child support guidelines are mandated by statute. Child support amounts are based on the Income Shares Model and are computed against the gross income. The child support amount may include provisions for the costs of the child’s education which may include post-majority educations costs.

Louisiana
Child support is mandatory. The state utilizes the Income Shares Model and is computed against the gross income of both parents.

Maine
Child support is mandatory. The state utilizes the Income Shares Model and is computed against the gross income.

Maryland
Provisions for child support guidelines are mandated by statute. The state utilizes the Income Shares Model and is computed against the gross income.

Massachusetts
The Massachusetts Court Rules has drafted the guidelines for the implementation of child support and has been made public by the Supreme Judicial Court. The state utilizes a hybrid form of the Income Shares Model and the Percentage of Income Model. The amount of support is computed against the gross income of the non-custodial parent but there is a provision to offset a percentage of the income of the custodial depending on a salary cap amount. The court can issue out an order to pay for the child’s education expenses until the child reaches 21.

Michigan
Parents must pay their child support through the Michigan Friend of the Court bureau. The Michigan Friend of the Court Child Support Manual enumerates the guidelines used in awarding child support. Child support is based on the Income Shares Model and is computed against the net income of both parents.

Minnesota
The state utilizes the Varying Percentage of Income Formula; this is computed against the net income.

Mississippi
The state uses the Flat Percentage of Income model, computed against net income.

Missouri
The state uses the Income Shares Formula, computed against gross income.

Montana
The Montana Administrative Rules has set out the guidelines on the awarding of child support. The state uses the Melson Formula; this is computed against the net income.

Nebraska
The Rules of the Supreme Court contains the guidelines for child support. The state uses the Income Shares Formula, computed against the net income.

Nevada
The state uses the Varying Percentage of Income model. The amount of child support is computed by applying a percentage to the paying parent’s gross income. There is a gradual decrease in the percentage when the income rises.

New Hampshire
Provisions for child support guidelines are mandated by statute. The state uses the Income Shares Formula, computed against net income.

New Jersey
The New Jersey Court Rules outlines the provisions for obtaining /determining child support. The state uses the Income Shares Model, computed against net income.

New Mexico
The state uses the Income Shares Model, computed against gross income.

North Dakota

Ohio
The state uses the Income Shares Model, computed against net income. Child support is terminated when the child turns 18 or finishes high school whichever event comes last.

Oklahoma

Oregon
The state uses the Income Shares Model, computed against gross income.

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Tennessee

Texas
Provisions for child support guidelines are mandated by statute. The state computes the child support amount using a percentage of the net income of the non-custodial parent. Child support ends when the child turns 18 or graduates from high school whichever event comes last. Parents are not obligated by law to support the costs of college education.

Utah
The state uses the Income Shares Model, computed against gross income. Child support ends when the child turns 18 or graduates from high school whichever event comes last. The court may order child support until the child turns 21 as part of a divorce decree.

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia
The state uses the Income Shares Model, computed against the adjusted gross income. Child support ends when the child turns 18 but may be extended up to the age of 21 if the ruling is part of a divorce decree.

Wisconsin

Wyoming

Would you like to discuss your legal matter?

PHONE

image description
Evyn Alvares RECEPTION (877)509-5204

I assist in scheduling new and existing clients for all offices. For initial consultations I will ask you a few questions and then find the best time for you to talk to one of the lawyers that best fits your legal matter.

Call me or use the email form and I will follow up with you right away.

EMAIL

The Law Offices of Tom Hogan will provide you with personalized attention and guidance. Protecting your rights is our main objective. We have been representing clients for the past 30 years and our experienced team of attorneys will advise you of the legal consequences of every decision you take.