The fundamental purpose of child support in California is to ensure that the needs of children are provided for. Under California law each parent has an obligation to financially support their children (Family Code §4053(b)). Practically, the state has adopted a uniform guideline formula to calculate the amount of support that should be paid keeping in mind each parent’s obligation to support their child. Simply speaking, the guideline formula calculates support based upon each parent’s income and the amount of time each parent has with her child.
To ensure that a child is supported, in the appropriate case the court may count a new spouse’s income in calculating support. However, under the law a new spouses’ income should not be considered except in an extraordinary case (Family Code §4057.5(a)(1)). The family code lists examples of these extraordinary cases, including when a parent “voluntarily or intentionally quits work or reduces income” or when a parent “intentionally remains unemployed or underemployed and relies on a subsequent spouse’s income” (Family Code §4057.5(b)). The law recognizes that in this case it is appropriate to use a new spouse’s income to calculate support so that the entire burden for supporting a child does not fall on the parent who is still working. (Marriage of Paulin (1996) 46 Cal.App.4th 1378, 1384, fn. 5).
It is important that if you are facing these issues that you contact an experienced family law attorney to ensure that child support is set in an amount that is fair and proper.