Roe Vs. Wade

Norma McCorvery Texas women who became pregnant want to undergo abortion but was not allowed to do so under Texas law. She was an unmarried woman. She along with her attorneys filed a federal lawsuit under a pseudonym asking that the Texas law that denied her access to abortion be declared unconstitutional since it violated her right to privacy as guaranteed by the constitution. The Supreme Court in a 7-2 verdict held that a woman can terminate the pregnancy up to 12 weeks using abortion but post 12 weeks; the state has a greater interest in regulating the right to privacy. The Court divided the pregnancy into 2 trimesters of 12 weeks each. In the first trimester, the state could only regulate to the extent that the abortion be performed by a licensed physician in a safe setting. The state could regulate abortion to the extent required to safeguard the health of the pregnant woman during the second trimester while in the third trimester, the state had an interesting in protecting a potential human life and could ban abortions unless it is necessary to save the life of the fetus or the mother. The Court also held that the fetus does not enjoy any rights of a person.

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