State Laws: Estate and Probate

Laws governing estate planning and probate are being implemented in one form or another in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Probate deals with the legal validity of wills, the probate process, creation of trust, and other things related to those. These codes or the collection of laws may contain “Trust and Fiduciaries,” “Decedent’s Code,” Estate Administration,” and the “Uniform Probate Code.”

The table below contains links to the estate and probate laws of all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

[Note on the “Uniform Probate Code”: As shown below, a number of states have adopted the Uniform Probate Code. The Code represents an all-inclusive standard meant to simplify understanding of the probate process, and to encourage similarity of laws among different states. It has been adopted, in whole or in part, by about 20 states.]

AlabamaTitle 43 Chapter 2 Administration of Estates
Title 43 Chapter 8 Probate Code
AlaskaTitle 13 Decedents’ Estates, Guardianships, Transfers and Trusts
Title 13 Chapter 16 Probate of Wills and Administration
ArizonaTitle 14 Trusts, Estates and Protective Proceedings
ArkansasTitle 28 Wills, Estates and Fiduciary Relationships
CaliforniaCalifornia Probate Code
ColoradoTitle 15 Probate, Trusts and Fiduciaries
ConnecticutTitle 45 Probate Courts and Procedure
DelawareTitle 12 Decedents’ Estates and Fiduciary Relations
District of ColumbiaDivision III Title 18 Wills
Division III Title 19 Descent Distribution and Trusts
Division III Title 20 Probate and Administration of Decedents’ Estates
FloridaTitle XLII Estates and Trusts
GeorgiaTitle 53 Wills, Trusts, and Administration of Estates
HawaiiTitle 30A Uniform Probate Code
IdahoTitle 15 Uniform Probate Code
IllinoisChapter 755 Estates
Chapter 760 Trusts and Fiduciaries
IndianaTitle 29 Probate
Title 30 Trusts and Fiduciaries
IowaTitle XV Chapter 633 Probate Code
Title XV Chapter 634 Private Foundations and Charitable Trusts
Title XV Chapter 635 Administration of Small Estates
Title XV Chapter 636 Sureties-Fiduciaries-Trusts-Investments
KansasChapter 59 Probate Code
KentuckyChapter 140 Inheritance and Estate Taxes
Chapter 386 Administration of Trusts – Investments
Chapter 391 Descent and Distribution
Chapter 394 Wills
Chapter 395 Personal Representatives
Chapter 396 Claims Against Decedents’ Estates
LouisianaBook III, Title I Of Successions
Uniform Probate Law
MaineTitle 18 Decedents’ Estates and Fiduciary Relations
Title 18A Probate Code
MarylandTitles 1 to16 Estates and Trusts
MassachusettsMGL Part II, Title II Descent and Distribution, Wills, Estates
MichiganChapters 701 to 713 Probate Code
MinnesotaChapters 524-532 Estates of Decedents; Guardianships
MississippiTitle 91 Trusts and Estates
MissouriTitle XXXI, Chapters 456-475 Trusts and Estates of Decedents
MontanaTitle 72 Estates, Trusts and Fiduciary Relationships
NebraskaChapter 30 Decedents’ Estates; Protection of Persons and Property
NevadaTitle 12 Wills and Estates of Deceased Persons
Title 13 Guardianships; Conservatorships; Trusts
New HampshireTitle LVI Probate Courts and Decedents’ Estates
New JerseyTitles 3A and 3B Administration of Estates — Decedents and Others
New MexicoChapter 45Uniform Probate Code
Chapter 46 Fiduciaries and Trusts
New YorkChapter 17-B Estates, Powers and Trusts
North CarolinaChapter 41 Estates
Chapter 47 Probate and Registration
North DakotaTitle 30.1 Uniform Probate Code
OhioTitle XXI Courts – Probate – Juvenile
OklahomaTitle 58 Probate Procedure
Title 84 Wills and Succession
OregonChapter 111 Probate Law
Chapter 112 Intestate Succession and Wills
Chapter 113 Initiation of Estate Proceedings
Chapter 114 Administration of Estates
Chapter 115 Claims, Actions, and Suits Against Estates
PennsylvaniaTitle 20 Decedents, Estates and Fiduciaries
Rhode IslandTitle 33 Probate Practice and Procedure
South DakotaTitle 29A Uniform Probate Code
Title 55 Fiduciaries and Trusts
South CarolinaTitle 21 Estates, Trusts, Guardians and Fiduciaries
Title 62 Probate Code
TennesseeTitle 30 Administration of Estates
Title 31 Descent and Distribution
Title 32 Wills
Title 35 Fiduciaries and Trust Estates
TexasTexas Probate Code
Texas Probate Code Chapter V Estates of Decedents
Texas Probate Code Chapter IV Execution and Revocation of Wills
Texas Probate Code Chapter XIII Guardianship
UtahTitle 22 Fiduciaries and Trusts
Title 75 Uniform Probate Code
VermontTitle 14 Decedents’ Estates and Fiduciary Relations
VirginiaTitle 64.1 Wills and Decedents’ Estates
WashingtonTitle 11 Probate and Trust Law
West VirginiaChapter 41 Wills
Chapter 42 Descent and Distribution
Chapter 44 Administration of Estates and Trusts
WisconsinChapter 701 Trusts
Chapter 853 Wills
Chapters 851 to 882 Probate
WyomingTitle 2 Wills, Decedents’ Estates and Probate Code
Title 2 Chapter 2 Probate Court
Title 2 Chapter 6 Wills
Title 2 Chapter 7 Administration of Estates

 

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