State Probate Courts

The table below contains the list of probate courts in different states. These are the corresponding courts that will handle cases regarding probate and estate administration. You may find information on different requirements and fees, download forms, and other important information on probate.

STATE

Brief Information

Links

Alabama
  • has 68 probate courts and 68 judges
  • the courts have jurisdiction over mental health, estate, adoption, and real property rights cases and do not allow jury trials.
Alabama State Judicial ChartAlabama County Web Site ListingsBaldwin County Probate Court

Mobile County Probate Court

 

Alaska
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the Superior Court has jurisdiction over property rights, estate, mental health, and juvenile matters.
  • the court allows jury trials in most cases.
Alaska Trial Courts (Superior, District and Magistrate Cts.)
Arizona
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the Superior Court has jurisdiction over estate, mental health, and juvenile matters
Arizona Superior CourtsSuperior Court of Maricopa County Probate and Mental Health Department
Arkansas
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the Circuit Court has jurisdiction over estate, mental health, and juvenile matters
  • the court allows jury trials
Arkansas Circuit Courts
California
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the Superior Court has jurisdiction over estate, mental health, and juvenile matters
  • the court does not allow jury trials for juvenile cases
California Superior CourtsCalifornia Guardianship Probate Court
Colorado
  • has a separate probate court in Denver County only;
  • in the rest of the state, district courts handle probate proceedings.
  • has a separate juvenile court.
Colorado District CourtsDenver Probate Court
Connecticut
  • has a separate probate court with 130 judges
  • the court has jurisdiction over estate, adoption, support/custody, paternity, miscellaneous domestic relations, mental health, and miscellaneous civil cases
  • does not allow jury trials
Connecticut Probate Court
Delaware
  • The Court of Chancery handles probate matters, including estate, real property rights, and mental health.
  • Does not allow jury trials
  • has a separate family court that handles juvenile matters and does not allow jury trials
Delaware Court of ChanceryDelaware Family Court
District of Columbia
  • does not have a separate probate court. The Superior Court handles probate matters.
D.C. Superior Court Probate Division
Florida
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the Circuit Court has jurisdiction over mental health, estate, and juvenile matters
  • court allows jury trial
Florida Circuit Courts
Georgia
  • has 159 probate courts and 159 judges.
  • only has probate courts in counties with a population over 96,000 and where the probate judge is an attorney who has been practicing for at least 7 years
  • courts have jurisdiction over mental health, estate, miscellaneous civil, moving traffic, and DWI/DUI matters
Georgia Probate Court
Hawai’i
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the Circuit Court has jurisdiction over mental health, estate, and juvenile matters
  • the court allows jury trials.
Hawai’i Circuit Courts
Idaho
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the Magistrates Division has jurisdiction over estate, mental health, and juvenile matters
Idaho State Judiciary
Illinois
  • does not have a separate probate court. The Circuit Court has jurisdiction over civil and juvenile cases
Circuit Court of Illinois
Indiana
  • has only one specialized probate court with jurisdiction over adoption, estate, and miscellaneous civil and juvenile matters
  • In the rest of the state, probate proceedings are handled in county superior or district courts.
Marion County Clerk’s Office, Probate DivisionIndiana Courts and Clerks
Iowa
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the District Court has one associate probate judge and 12 associate juvenile judges
  • the court does not allow jury trials in juvenile or mental health cases
Iowa’s Judicial Districts
Kansas
  • does not have a separate probate court.
  • the District Court has jurisdiction over civil and juvenile cases
Kansas District Courts
Kentucky
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the District Court has jurisdiction over estate, mental health, and juvenile matters
Kentucky District Court
Louisiana
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the District Court has jurisdiction over estate, mental health, adoption, and juvenile matters
  • the state has a separate juvenile court and family court
Louisiana District Courts
Maine
  • has 16 probate courts under county, not state, court system jurisdiction
  • the courts have jurisdiction over estate, adoption, and miscellaneous domestic relations matters and do not allow jury trials
  • the District Court has jurisdiction over mental health and juvenile matters and does not allow jury trials
Local Government PortalMaine District Courts
Maryland
  • has an Orphans’ Court in 22 counties with 66 judges that handle estate matters, except in Montgomery and Harford counties, where the Circuit Court handles it
Maryland Orphans’ CourtMaryland Circuit Courts
Massachusetts
  • has 14 divisions of probate and family courts with 51 justices
  • the courts have jurisdiction over estate, support/custody, paternity, domestic violence, miscellaneous civil, adoption, and divorce cases
  • the court does not allow jury trials
  • has a separate juvenile court, which allows jury trials
Massachusetts Probate Courts by County
Michigan
  • has 78 probate courts and 106 judges
  • the courts have jurisdiction over estate, mental health, and juvenile matters and allow some jury trials
Michigan Probate Courts
Minnesota
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the District Court has jurisdiction over estate, mental health, and juvenile matters
Minnesota District CourtsFourth Judicial District Court Probate/Mental Health Division
Mississippi
  • The Chancery Court has jurisdiction over estate, mental health, divorce, support/custody, and paternity matters.
Mississippi Administrative Office of CourtsMississippi Chancery Judge List [PDF]
Missouri
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the Circuit Court has jurisdiction over probate matters. The Circuit Court has four probate and three deputy probate commissioners
Missouri Circuit Courts
Montana
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the District Court has jurisdiction over estate, mental health, and juvenile matters and allows jury trials
Montana District Courts
Nebraska
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • has 93 County Courts in 12 districts, which have jurisdiction over estate, adoption, and juvenile matters
  • these courts have 59 judges and allow jury trials, except in juvenile cases
  • the District Court has jurisdiction over mental health cases
Nebraska County Courts
Nevada
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the District Court has jurisdiction over mental health, estate, and juvenile matters
  • the court allows jury trials for most cases.
Nevada District Courts
New Hampshire
  • has two probate courts, which have jurisdiction over adoption, termination of parental rights, guardianships, trusts, wills, estates, involuntary commitments, and some equity matters
  • the courts do not allow jury trials
New Hampshire Probate Court
New Jersey
  • Jersey does not have a separate probate court
  • the Superior Court has jurisdiction over civil, estate, and juvenile matters
  • the court allows jury trials for most cases
New Jersey Superior Courts
New Mexico
  • has 33 probate courts and 33 judges
  • these courts have jurisdiction over uncontested estate cases, but contested cases go to District Court
  • the District Court also has jurisdiction over juvenile and mental health matters
New Mexico CourtsBernalillo County Probate Court
New York
  • the Surrogates Court has jurisdiction over adoption and estate
  • the court allows jury trials in estate cases
  • the Family Court has jurisdiction over guardianship and juvenile cases and does not allow jury trials
New York Trial Courts by CountyNew York City Surrogates’ CourtsNew York City Family Court

 

North Carolina
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the Superior Court has jurisdiction over estate cases and allows jury trials
  • the District Court has jurisdiction over mental health and juvenile cases
  • the District Court allows jury trials in civil cases only
North Carolina Trial Courts (Superior Ct., District Ct.)
North Dakota
  • does not have a separate probate court. The District Court has jurisdiction over estate, mental health, and juvenile matters. The court allows jury trials in many cases
North Dakota District Courts
Ohio
  • the Probate Division of the Court of Common Pleas has jurisdiction over probate matters and handles estate, mental health, and juvenile cases
  • the court allows jury trials in most cases
Ohio County CourtsSummit County Probate Division
Oklahoma
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the District Court has jurisdiction over civil and juvenile cases
  • the court allows jury trials
Oklahoma District Courts
Oregon
  • there are seven County Courts and seven judges with jurisdiction over adoption, mental health, and juvenile matters
  • the courts do not allow jury trials
Oregon CountiesCounty Courts
Pennsylvania
  • the Court of Common Pleas has jurisdiction over estate, mental health, and juvenile cases
  • the court allows jury trials in most cases
Pennsylvania Courts of Common Pleas
Rhode Island
  • has 39 probate courts and 39 judges
  • the probate courts have jurisdiction over estate cases and do not allow jury trials
  • the District Court has jurisdiction over mental health cases, and the Family Court has juvenile jurisdiction
Probate Contacts in Rhode IslandRhode Island Cities and Towns
South Carolina
  • has 46 probate courts and 46 judges
  • the probate courts have jurisdiction over mental health and estate cases and do not allow jury trials
  • the Family Court has juvenile jurisdiction
South Carolina Probate Courts
South Dakota
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the Circuit Court has civil and juvenile jurisdiction
South Dakota Circuit Courts
Tennessee
  • § 16-16-201 holds that “…all jurisdiction relating to the probate of wills and the administration of estates of every nature…is hereby vested in the chancery court of the respective counties” unless specifically given by local legislation to other courts
  • has 95 counties
Tennessee CountiesProbate Court (Shelby County)
Texas
  • has 16 probate courts and 16 judges with jurisdiction over estate and mental health matters
  • the probate courts allow jury trials
  • the County Court of Law, Constitutional County Court, and District Court also have jurisdiction over estate, mental health, and juvenile matters
  • these courts allow jury trials
Statutory Probate Courts of Texas
Utah
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the District Court has jurisdiction over estate and mental health matters
  • this court allows jury trials in most case types
  • the Juvenile Court does not allow jury trials
Utah District Courts
Vermont
  • has 18 probate courts and 18 judges
  • the probate court has jurisdiction over mental health, adoption, estate, miscellaneous domestic relations, and miscellaneous civil cases
  • the court does not allow jury trials
Vermont Probate CourtInstructions for Settling Estates
Virginia
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the Circuit Court has jurisdiction over mental health and estate matters
  • the District Court has jurisdiction over mental health and juvenile matters
Virginia Circuit CourtsVirginia District Courts
Washington
  • Washington does not have a separate probate court
  • the Superior Court has jurisdiction over estate, mental health, and juvenile matters
Washington Superior Courts
West Virginia
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the Circuit Court has jurisdiction over mental health, estate, and juvenile cases
  • the court allows jury trials
West Virginia Circuit Court
Wisconsin
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the Circuit Court has jurisdiction over civil and juvenile matters
Wisconsin Circuit Courts
Wyoming
  • does not have a separate probate court
  • the District Court has jurisdiction over mental health, estate, and juvenile matters
District Courts of Wyoming | Directory

 

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